6.5 Space management

Zones for activities and areas for storage must be defined inside the warehouse. These zones and areas can be identified by painting on the floor or, when feasible, by using metallic wire grids with secure locks. The space should be divided into four specific zones:

  • arrival zone-during unloading, the storekeeper will inspect the delivery for quality and quantity. If this is correct, the storekeeper will accept and register the goods
  • packing zone-for some deliveries, the storekeeper must prepare the order. The packing zone can also be used for repacking
  • delivery zone-to save time during loading and to avoid disorder, items ready to be delivered are stored per destination
  • storage zones-where stock is stored.

The organisation of storage zones will depend on the:

  • volume and nature of products to store
  • turnover of products-goods with the highest turnover must be more accessible
  • compatibility of products.

An easy-reference guide should be developed for high-turnover stocks with numerous products. The guide will show:

  • the precise division or building
  • the shelf or rack, the column, and row or bin within the shelf.

This reference will be mentioned on the stock card to find the product’s physical location within the warehouse.

  • Food items cannot be stored with chemicals of any kind (including cement) (see 6.8 below)
  • Drugs and medical supplies need a separate building or room. These products are usually under the responsibility of a pharmacist.
  • Fuel and spare parts for vehicles need a separate storage, if possible, close to the workshop.