3. HOW to integrate gender into an emergency response?
Rapid Gender Analysis
A Rapid Gender Analysis primarily seeks to understand these three questions:
1. What are gendered-related rights denials in a given context?
2. How will gender relations affect the achievement of sustainable results?
3. How will proposed results affect the relative status of men and women? Will it exacerbate or reduce inequalities?
CARE’s approach to gender in emergencies focuses on mainstreamed, integrated and targeted actions and approaches. The approach focuses on 4 key areas (see graphic). These are outlined in CARE’s Gender in Emergencies Guidance note and are summarized below.
A. Rapid Gender Analysis (RGA): An RGA provides information about the different needs, capacities, and coping strategies of women, girls, boys and men in a crisis situation. It does this, in part, by examining the roles and relationships between women, girls, boys and men. An RGA is built up progressively, and provides an initial but incomplete analysis of gender relations in an emergency.
The five steps of an RGA are:
- Find existing gender information
- Collect new gender information
- Analyse the gender information
- Make practical recommendations
- Share and update the RGA report
The CARE RGA links to more in-depth Gender and Power Analysis using the CARE Good Practice Framework.
B. Minimum commitments for technical sectors: Ensuring gender is mainstreamed and integrated throughout all steps of the humanitarian programme cycle helps to ensure that adequate and efficient services and assistance is provided, with attention to users’ safety, dignity and equal access. Minimum Commitments are people-centered commitments that aim at improving the quality and efficiency of response programmes, and ensuring that key issues such as gender, gender-based violence, child protection, disability and age are taken into consideration by all partners. They also help to reinforce the accountability of sectoral interventions to the affected population. CARE has developed a set of minimum commitments for its core sectors: WASH, Shelter, Food Security and Sexual Reproductive Health and Rights.
Links to the minimum commitments and additional guidance can be found below:
- Gender equality programming and WASH guidance and the Emergency Gender and WASH tip Sheet and WASH minimum commitments
- Gender inclusion in cash-for-work for shelter outcomes
- Gender and Shelter Good Programming Guidelines
Integration of specific indicators can be used to support the measurement and progress of gender in emergencies response and ensure accountability in programming. The following guidance has been developed and is currently in its second pilot phase: Gender equality and women’s voice supplementary indicators.
C. Women Lead in Emergencies: Gender equality in humanitarian programming is most effectively achieved if women and girls actively participate, and are empowered to choose how to participate, in decisions on how to meet their needs.
A focus on women’s equal voice, leadership and participation aims to transform the root causes of poverty and injustice, to save lives and increase gender equality. Particular efforts are made to reach marginalized women and girls, including women with disabilities, indigenous women, elderly women, and women of diverse sexual orientation and gender identity, engaging them as active partners, and building on their needs and capacities.
CARE has piloted five steps for their Women Lead in Emergencies approach, in Tonga, Uganda and Niger. The five steps include:
The aim of Women Lead in Emergencies is to ensure, through the five step process, that women’s voice and participation in decision-making is integrated throughout an entire emergency response programme. It prioritises working with existing groups and putting women at the center of decision making, response and recovery processes.
For more information on Women Lead in Emergencies Pilot in Tonga, see the report here
D. Eliminating Gender-based Violence in Emergencies (GBViE)
|CARE defines GBV as:
a harmful act or threat based on a person’s sex or gender identity. It includes physical, sexual and psychological abuse, coercion, denial of liberty and economic deprivation, whether occurring in public or private spheres. GBV is rooted in unjust power relations, structures and social/cultural norms.
In an emergency GBV is exacerbated, and vulnerabilities and risk increase. Preventing and responding to GBV in emergencies (GBViE) is a life-saving activity that requires a prioritised response and is mandatory in CARE programming.
CARE’s work to address GBViE is informed by a Rapid Gender Analysis (RGA) with a focus on GBV.