2.2.1 General assessment checklist for protection


  • What is the demographic makeup of population? (Male/female ratio, % children/% elderly, main ethnic and religious groups)
  • Are there any vulnerable groups? How many unaccompanied children, unaccompanied women, single female-headed households, elderly, sick and people with disabilities?
  • How many refugees or IDPs are there in the programming area? What numbers are living in camps and what numbers are living in the community?
  • Is there any forcible return of refugees or IDPs to where they will be subject to persecution?
  • What are the main threats to safety and security? Document any cases of arbitrary arrest and detention, torture, physical attacks, rapes, other forms of SGBV, maiming or killing.
  • Are people being coerced into activities against their will? Document any cases of forced relocation and armed recruitment.
  • What are the vulnerabilities to protection abuses? Document patterns of abuse, which groups are most vulnerable, and times and places where the violations take place.
  • Are people being denied access to basic subsistence?
  • Are any civilians being used as a shield for military objects or being targeted by military action?
  • Does everyone have identification documentation that is recognised by authorities and provides them equal access to services?
  • What existing coping mechanisms does the community currently use to protect themselves from abuse and violations?
  • Is the state able and/or willing (specify which) to provide protection to civilians?
  • What international and regional legal instruments has the country signed and ratified?
  • Does the national legislation integrate international and regional instruments?
  • What community laws and customs govern behaviour?
  • How are women’s and children’s rights reflected in national law and to what extent are these laws respected?
  • Who are the key national actors that have responsibility for the protection of communities in the project area?
  • Which UN agency is the coordinating body for protection in the country?
  • What protection programmes are being implemented by other agencies?
  • Does the community have access to their rights and responsibilities in a language they understand?
  • Is the Code of Conduct available to the community so that they are aware of the professional standards that NGO staff is expected to maintain?

Source: Annex 31.5 Draft Minimum Standards for Protection