4.5.1 Sample WASH indicators

Hygiene behaviour Sample indicators (adapted from Annex 8.1.8 WASH cluster hygiene promotion guidelines)
Safe drinking water ·    Adequate water handling practices to minimise contamination practised by x% of the population

·    X% of the population uses safe water for drinking (determine percentage according to situation)

Safe excreta disposal ·    X% of children’s and babies’ faeces are safely disposed of

·    Y% of latrines have lighting sufficient for safe night-time use

·    Z% of latrines are arranged in a gender-segregated configuration

·    Y% of latrines have locks on the inside for safe use

·    Toilets are used by the majority of men, women and children

Hygiene practices ·    X% of the population wash their hands with soap or ash at least after contact with faecal matter and before handling food

·    Soap or ash for hand washing is available in all households

·    Hand washing facilities are available and in use at 100% of communal latrines or in the majority of homes

Women’s privacy and dignity around menstrual hygiene ·    Appropriate sanitary materials and underwear for all women and girls are available

·    Women are enabled to deal with menstrual hygiene issues in privacy and with dignity

Community participation and representation ·    All sections of the community, including vulnerable groups, are consulted and represented at all stages of the project

·    The majority of community members are satisfied (defined in terms of access, safety, privacy, systems for cleaning, etc.) with the provision of facilities

·    Users take responsibility for the management and maintenance of water supply and sanitation facilities

·    All sectors of the community, including vulnerable groups, are enabled to practise the target hygiene behaviours


See also Annex 8.1.8 WASH Cluster Hygiene Project: Indicators for Monitoring Hygiene Promotion in an Emergency.