2.1 Food security and response options analysis

The following draws on the Emergency food security assessment handbook (Annex 23.4). See also Annex 23.5 Food-security assessments in emergencies: A livelihoods approach.
Emergency food and nutrition security interventions need to be based on a solid analysis. The food & nutrition security analysis should identify the causes of the crisis, contextual factors that may influence interventions, capacities and constraints to implement interventions, and the possible harm and benefits of interventions. This analysis should then be used to decide the most appropriate and feasible response.
The following points should be considered:

  • Has the crisis resulted in food & nutrition insecurity?
  • Is the food insecurity issue of food availability, access, utilisation or a combination of the three?
  • Which geographic areas and population groups are affected?
  • Are the affected communities and households able to cope on their own?
  • What are the specific risks to lives and livelihoods?
  • What are the unmet needs and risks?
  • What are the appropriate interventions?

The table below provides an overview of the type of information that needs to be considered during the situation and response options analysis for each food security pillar.

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