3.1 CVA Situation Analysis

Situational analysis is an important step in ensuring a successful program and should be done during the preparedness stage to inform the country Emergency Preparedness Plan and future responses. When considering CVA, a situational analysis should include:

  • Mapping of existing social protection schemes 
    • Using existing social protection programs may allow a more efficient and more effective response, with quicker program expansion 
    • Mapping should be done in partnership with emergency and long-term teams and include a review of targeting mechanisms already in place, caseload and geographical location of beneficiaries, payment systems, complaint mechanisms, administrative structures, cash transfer values, and existing evaluations
    • Can help inform how to best build on existing social protection programs for the upcoming emergency response


  • A description of other agencies’ CVA responses 
    • Critical for ensuring that combined impacts of different responses on local markets are closely monitored


  • Cash Feasibility and Risk Assessment 
    • Use of CVA is not necessarily riskier than in-kind programming, but the risks and their perception can be different
    • It is important to assess potential risks as part of preparedness to understand

1. Who is at risk

2. The seriousness of the impact 

3. Likelihood of occurrence

4. Whether risks can be mitigated through program design features (i.e.: choice of transfer modality, delivery mechanism, or complementary activities, especially from the perspective of different gender groups)

  • Necessary to weigh these risks against potential benefits and the risks of alternative interventions, including in-kind assistance or providing no response support

The Feasibility and Risk Assessment (FRA) will help determine CVA appropriateness and should be completed by program staff and signed off by CO management, as part of the Preparedness Action Plan. Assessments should be updated regularly in coordination with the CO Emergency Preparedness Plan, to ensure COs are able to design and implement timely, high-quality CVA that can be scaled up quickly. The FRA is designed around five risks commonly associated with CVA and in-kind delivery:

  • Risk to the safety and security of implementing partners and beneficiaries;
  • Risk of fraud and diversion;
  • Risk of confidential information leakage;
  • Risk related to market systems and their disruption;
  •  Risk of misinformation or political capture.

A Feasibility and Risk Assessment template can be found in CARE’s Cash Document Repository Dropbox (https://www.dropbox.com/s/6bjml9gv9afifrc/CTP%20Risk%20and%20Feasibility%20Assessment%20Form.docx?dl=0).  Note: This is not a formal assessment form to be filled in, but questions informed by data collected during the situation analysis, that should be considered by the CO before implementing CVA.