It is unusual for CARE to carry out major house building programmes. There are a number of reasons for this:
- Lack of available funds
- With limited funds, the significance of a housing programme is reduced and normally limited to a small targeted beneficiary group.
- The economic benefit normally goes to a large contractor often outside of the disaster affected area.
- Quality is difficult to assure.
- It is difficult to build-in DRR and resilience, or to improve the capacity of the local builders.
If construction is deemed appropriate then there are different delivery options, each with a variety of pros and cons. These should be carefully evaluated:
- Direct labour – CARE will act as the contractor.
- Community labour – the community is responsible for the delivery.
- Contract labour – normally a contractor from outside the affected community.
- Self-build – this has similarities to self-recovery programming.
In all cases, it is considered preferable that an ‘owner-driven response’ is used.