3.4.2 Acute respiratory infections (ARIs)

Much morbidity and mortality can also be attributed to acute respiratory infections (ARIs).  Conditions that foster the spread of infections include overcrowding, indoor fires, and inadequate shelter and blankets, especially in cold climates. Interventions that are effective in helping to reduce the incidence of ARIs include: vaccinations for measles, diphtheria and pertussis; supplements of vitamin A; and breastfeeding children under two years of age.